Mdaz02.jpg 960 × 540; 76 KB. 44 km (27 mi) E of Chefchaouene (Province de Chefchaouen) (pop: 36,300) 49 km (31 mi) WNW of Targuist (Al Hoceima Province) (pop: 11,600) 70 km (43 mi) SE of Tétouan (pop: 326,300) 72 km (44 mi) N of Taounate (Fès-Meknès) (pop: 32,800) 77 km (48 mi) W of Al Hoceima (pop: 395,600) 84 km (52 mi) ENE of Ouezzane (pop: 58,700) If you are looking for Fes map, then this Google satellite map of Fes will give you the precise imaging that you need. [35] Other gardens also exist within the grounds of the historic royal palaces of the city, such as the Agdal and Lalla Mina Gardens in the Dar al-Makhzen or the gardens of the Dar al-Beida (originally attached to Dar Batha). -Universität, die nach ihrer Gründung im Jahr 859 das Zentrum des öffentlichen Lebens darstellte. Eine 16 km lange Ringstraße leitet den Verkehr um die Stadt. PROVINCE DE FES. The order spread quickly among the literary elite of North West Africa, and its ulama, or theologians, had significant religious, intellectual, and political influence in Fes and beyond. Jahrhundert; Museum für Holzschnitzkunst), Kairaouine-Viertel (Handels- u. Handwerksbetriebe), Zaouia Idris II. Marokko/Fès-Meknès, Region/Taza, Provinz, Mineralienatlas Lexikon. In der Ville Nouvelle gibt es einige christliche Gemeinden, unter anderem eine römisch-katholische Kirche, die aus der französischen Kolonialzeit stammt und heute leidlich genutzt wird. [11], Today, the city's surrounding countryside, the fertile Saïss plains, is an important source of agricultural activity producing primarily cereals, beans, olives, and grapes, as well as raising livestock. Nichtmuslime können versuchen, durch eine offenstehende Tür einen Blick in die Zaouïa zu werfen, der Zutritt zu dieser bleibt ihnen verwehrt. Jahrhundert), Tala Kebira ('Hauptstraße' mit Handels- u. Handwerksbetrieben), Place Nejjarin mit Fondouk (18. After the overthrow of the Marinid dynasty, Fez largely declined and subsequently competed with Marrakesh for political and cultural influence, but remained as the capital under the Wattasids and in modern times up until 1912. November 2020 um 15:17, vergrößern und Informationen zum Bild anzeigen, Geschichte und Sehenswürdigkeiten von Fès, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fès&oldid=205853494, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Bab Mahrouk (Torbau 13. Intercity taxis (also known as grands taxis) depart from and arrive at several spots including the Bab Mahrouk bus station (for western destinations like Meknes and Rabat), Bab Ftouh (for eastern destinations like Sidi Harazem and Taza), and another lot in the Ville Nouvelle (for southern destinations like Sefrou). [30], The French Colonel Charles Émile Moinier arrived in Fes March 15, 1908 at the head of the 4e Zouaves, an infantry unit composed of Tunisian troupes coloniales. Fez was the capital of Morocco until 1912. Fès. The Ottomans would try to invade Morocco after the assassination of Mohammed ash-Sheikh in 1558, but were defeated by his son Abdallah al-Ghalib at the battle of Wadi al-Laban north of Fez. This traditional system continued to be used even up to the 21st century. [47] Such private houses include the Dar al-Alami,[90] the Dar Saada (now a restaurant), Dar 'Adiyil, Dar Belghazi, and others. (see weather-table below). Canada. It wasn't until 1070 that the two agglomerations were united and the name Fas was used for the combined site.[10]. Israr Hasan, Believers and Brothers. Nahimutang ni sa sentro nga bahin sa nasod, 250 km sa sidlakan sa Rabat ang ulohan sa nasod. Fès فاس ⴼⴰⵙ Hilfe zu Wappen Fès Basisdaten Staat: Marokko Marokko Region: Fès-Meknès Präfektur: Fès … Sie gehört zur Region Fès-Boulemane und liegt im Zentrum des Landes zwischen Rifgebirge und Mittlerem Atlas. [47] These fortifications were restored and maintained by the Marinid dynasty from the 12th to 16th centuries, along with the founding of the royal citadel-city of Fes el-Jdid. The military watchtowers built in its early days during the Idrisid era were relatively small. The latter would flee to Portugal where he asked king Sebastian of Portugal for help to regain his throne. [35] It too had its own mosque, known as the Bou Jeloud Mosque. Arab emigration to Fez, including approximately Andalusi families of mixed Arab and Iberian descent[12] in 817–818 expelled after a rebellion against the Umayyads of Córdoba, Andalusia, and Arab families banned from Kairouan (modern Tunisia) after another rebellion in 824, gave the city its Arabic character. Taounate (Berber: Tawnat) is a Moroccan province in the Fès-Meknès region. Der Grüne Reiseführer . During this period, the two formerly divided cities known as Madinat Fas and al-'Aliya were united under a single enclosure. Ibn Battuta described the city of Fa's, which he passed through on his way to Sijilmasa. 15.08.2020 Fès Sehenswürdigkeiten: Hier finden Sie 56.344 Bewertungen und Fotos von Reisenden über 83 Sehenswürdigkeiten, Touren und Ausflüge - alle Fès Aktivitäten auf einen Blick. After the downfall of the Idrisid dynasty, other empires came and went until the 11th century when the Almoravid Sultan Yusuf ibn Tashfin united the two settlements into what is today's Fes el-Bali quarter. Data: 9 de juny de 2013, 17:41:23: Font: Treball propi: Autor: Vincent van Zeijst: Llicència. [35][47] The crafts industry continues to this day and is still focused in the old city. In January 1549 the Saadi sultan Mohammed ash-Sheikh took Fez and ousted the last Wattasid sultan Ali Abu Hassun. In Deutschland 5% MwSt. [60] The Zawiya of Moulay Idriss II (previously mentioned) and the Zawiya of Sidi Ahmed al-Tijani include mosque areas as well, as do several other prominent zawiyas in the city. [47][35] Kasbah Dar Debibagh is one of the newest kasbahs, built in 1729 during the Alaouite era at 2 km from the city wall in a strategic position. Al Karaouin of Fez: The Oldest University in the World, "UEMF - Tout sur Université Euromed de Fès", "Daoudi autorise une première université privée à Fès", "Université Privée de Fès – 1ère Université Privée à Fès Reconnue par l'Etat", "Tourism in Fez-Meknes grows on the strength of religious and wellness visitors", "العلاقات التي تربط مدينة أريحا بالمدن الأجنبية", "Place Lalla Yeddouna A Neighborhood in the Medina of Fez, Morocco: International open project competition in two phases", École nationale des sciences appliquées de Fès, Mosque of the Kasbah an-Nouar (or Kasbah Filala Mosque), Slat al Fassiyin Synagogue (el-Fassiyine Synagogue), Madrasa Fes el-Jdid (Madrasa Dar al-Makhzen), Madrasa Muhammadiyya (Madrasa Mohammadia), Funduq al-Najjariyyin (Foundouk Nejjarine), Funduq Staouniyyin (Foundouk Staouniyine), Place Bou Jeloud (Place Pacha el-Baghdadi), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fez,_Morocco&oldid=991884104, Populated places established in the 8th century, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 5056 residents live in the center, called, 3317 residents live in the center, called, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 08:40. It initially consisted of two autonomous and competing settlements. 1033 kam es zu einem Pogrom gegen die jüdische Bevölkerung der Stadt mit 6000 Toten.[2]. Stadtansicht Fès, Provinz Fès-Meknès, Marokko, Afrika. [74][75][76] The two other major tanneries are the Sidi Moussa Tannery to the west of the Zawiya of Moulay Idris II and the Ain Azliten Tannery in the neighbourhood of the same name on the northern edge of Fes el-Bali. Die mittelalterliche Neustadt (Fes el Jedid) geht auf die Dynastie der Meriniden (1244–1465) zurück, die Fès ab 1248 zur Hauptstadt ihres Reichs erklärten. Popular Codes. [101][102], The city's first private university, the Private University of Fez, was created in 2013 out of the École polytechnique de Technologie founded 5 years earlier. [73] Its sister fort, Borj Sud, is located on the hills to the south of the city. Dakhla in the top 10 of the best destinations to visit. The Palais Jamai, for example, was converted into a luxury hotel in the early 20th century. November 2020 um 15:17 Uhr bearbeitet. Auch heute noch gibt es in Fès einen lebendigen Souk, der in verschiedene Bereiche eingeteilt ist, u. a. Holz-, Keramik-, Metall-, Ledersouk. In der Altstadt stößt man noch auf einzelne Koranschulen (Kutab, Medersa), von denen jedoch aufgrund des Schülerrückgangs in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten viele geschlossen wurden und heute als Museen besichtigt werden können. Jahrhundert; Waffenmuseum), Merinidengräber (14. Map of Sefrou Province AR.png 600 × 375; 78 KB. Die im Jahr 859 gestiftete Qarawiyin-Universität gilt nach der Universität Ez-Zitouna als eine der ältesten islamischen Universitäten und als eine der weltweit ältesten kontinuierlich genutzten Bildungseinrichtungen. This was accomplished partly by the settling there of Andalusians and the further improvement of the infrastructure. The first major room visitors entered was the undressing room (mashlah in Arabic or goulsa in the local Moroccan Arabic dialect), equivalent to the Roman apodyterium. Medina von Tétouan (1997) | Fez or Fes (/ f ɛ z /; Arabic: فاس ‎, romanized: fās, Berber languages: ⴼⴰⵙ, romanized: fas, French: Fès) is a city in northern inland Morocco and the capital of the Fès-Meknès administrative region. Fez took part in a rebellion in 1819–1821, led by Ibrahim ibn Yazid, as well as in the 1832 rebellion led by Muhammad ibn Tayyib. Bis zum Beginn des Protektorats im Jahr 1912 blieb Fès die Hauptstadt Marokkos, dann wurde Rabat von einem französischen General zum Verwaltungssitz von Französisch-Marokko bestimmt. Using Google satellite imaging of Fes, you can view entire streets or buildings in exact detail. At the start of the 13th century they broke down the Idrisid city walls and constructed new ones, which covered a much wider space. Diese sollten bei einem Aufenthalt in der Altstadt unbedingt beachtet werden, soll eine Kollision vermieden werden. After the fall of the Saadi dynasty (1649), Fez was a major trading post of the Barbary Coast of North Africa. During this period the Jewish population of the city grew and the Mellah (Jewish quarter) was formed on the south side of this new district. Mulai Abdallah, der Nachfolger von Mulai Ismail, machte Fès zu seiner Residenz und ließ Moscheen, Madrasas, Brücken und Straßen erneuern oder neu bauen; die Straßen von Fès el Jedid wurden gepflastert. These two waves of immigrants would subsequently give their name to the sites 'Adwat Al-Andalus and 'Adwat al-Qarawiyyin. It also has Chouara Tannery from the 11th century, one of the oldest tanneries in the world. From maximizing your credit potential, protecting your identity, securing your … Upon the death of Idris II in 828, the dynasty's territory was divided among his sons. During Yahya ibn Muhammad's rule in Fez the Kairouyine mosque, one of the oldest and largest in Africa, was built and its associated University of Al Quaraouiyine was founded (859). [1] Den ligger i regionen Fès-Boulemane, i den nordöstra delen av landet, 180 km öster om huvudstaden Rabat.Antalet invånare är 975 507. It is not known whether the name al-ʿĀliyá ever referred to both urban areas. Aus Volkszählungen ergibt sich folgende Bevölkerungsentwicklung für das Stadtgebiet von Fès.[3][4]. Today, the tanning industry in the city is considered one of the main tourist attractions. Das Institut français bietet Französischkurse und kulturelle Veranstaltungen (z. It is distinct from Fez's now much larger Ville Nouvelle (new city) originally founded by the French. Jahrhundert), Bab Chorfa (14. It is the second largest city in Morocco after Casablanca,[4] with a population of 1.22 million (2020). [47], The Jnane Sbile Garden was created as a royal park and garden in the 19th century by Sultan Moulay Hassan I (ruled 1873-1894) between Fes el-Jdid and Fes el-Bali. [35] Today, it is an example of a kasbah serving as a residential district much like the rest of the medina, with its own neighborhood mosque. [25] The madrasas are a hallmark of Marinid architecture, with its striking blending of Andalusian and Almohad traditions. The tanneries are packed with the round stone wells filled with dye or white liquids for softening the hides. Die Anfangspeilung auf dem Kurs von Alcalde-Díaz nach Fès beträgt 57,06° und die Kompassrichtung ist ENE. [17], Like many Moroccan cities, Fez was greatly enlarged during the Almohad Caliphate and saw its previously dominating rural aspect lessen. Mdaz01.jpg 956 × 670; 181 KB. Fès [Provinz] - Fès ({arS|عمالة فاس}) ist eine Präfektur in Marokko. Im Zentrum stehen der Königspalast und das jüdische Viertel (Mellah). For other uses, see, Funduqs/foundouks (historic merchant buildings). Successive waves of mainly Arab immigrants from Ifriqiya (Tunisia) and al-Andalus (Spain/Portugal) in the early 9th century gave the nascent city its Arab character. Fès besteht heute aus drei Stadtteilen, die jeweils einer Epoche der Stadtgeschichte zugeordnet werden können: Die Altstadt, (Fès el Bali/el Medina el Qadima), besteht aus dem Stadtteil um die Qarawiyīn-Moschee bzw. Sie ist die älteste der vier Königsstädte des Landes und galt nach der Gründung der Qarawiyin-Universität als geistiges Zentrum des Landes. Die Kleinstadt Moulay Idris in den Ausläufern des Zerhoun-Massivs im Westen ist ähnlich weit von Fès entfernt. Entfernung: 8.024,72 km Außerhalb der Stadtmauern befinden sich die Friedhöfe und die Merinidengräber. Bezirk/Provinz: Centre, Département du Cher. These buildings are counted among the hallmarks of Moorish and Moroccan architectural styles. [11][48] Tourism is also a major industry due to the city's UNESCO-listed historic medina. De Region Fès-Meknès (arabisch فاس - مكناس ‎) is ane dea – noch ana Vawoitungsreform im Joar 2015 nei entstondna – 12 Regiona vo Marokko und eastreckt se im Noadn vom Kenigreich. [35] To the north, near the Bab Guissa Cemetery, there are also the Marinid Tombs built during the 14th century as a necropolis for the Marinid sultans, ruined today but still a well-known landmark of the city. Rabat then remained the capital even after Morocco achieved independence in 1955. Michael Dumper, Bruce E. Stanley, pagina 151. [47][61][62] The Ville Nouvelle (New City) also includes many modern mosques. Fez is also considered the cultural and spiritual capital of Morocco. Darüber hinaus existieren zahlreiche private Bildungseinrichtungen, die mit dem Erwerb von Schlüsselqualifikationen (Sprachen, Wirtschafts- und IT-Kenntnisse) werben. Fez recorded snowfall in three straight years in 2005, 2006 and 2007. In der Altstadt (Fès el Bali) verkehren keine Autos. It is the second largest city in Morocco after Casablanca, with a population of 1.22 million (2020). These Almohad walls exist to this day as the outline of Fes el Bali. Als zweites religiöses Zentrum präsentiert sich das Mausoleum von Idris II. Under Almoravid patronage the largest expansion and renovation of the Great Mosque of al-Qarawiyyin took place (1134-1143). The streets were paved and, according to the tenth-century geographer, Ibn Hawqal, water was flushed into the suqs every summer night to clean the ground. Place Lalla Yeddouna at the heart of the Medina is currently undergoing reconstruction and preservation measures following a design competition sponsored by the Millennium Challenge Corporation (Washington D.C.)[34] and the Government of the Morocco. [66] Some of the main gates have existed, in different forms, since the earliest years of the city. In 808 Al-'Aliya replaced Walili as the capital of the Idrisids. Ab 817–818 lassen sich 8.000 andalusische, von den Umayyaden von Córdoba aus Spanien vertriebene Familien in der Stadt nieder. Die Schnellste ist per Bus und Taxi und dauert 3¼ Stunden. Die Billigste ist per Autofahrt und kostet MAD 176. Die Altstadt, Musterbeispiel der orientalischen Stadt, steht seit 1981 als Weltkulturerbe unter dem Schutz der UNESCO. [35] One of the most famous is the Funduq al-Najjariyyin, which was built in the 18th century by Amin Adiyil to provide accommodation and storage for merchants and which now houses the Nejjarine Museum of Wooden Arts & Crafts. Der Name soll auf Fas (Fès), „Hacke“ auf Arabisch, den Fund oder die Benutzung dieses Gerätes bei der Stadtgründung hindeuten. Fez has two football teams, MAS Fez (Fés Maghrebi) and Wydad de Fès (WAF). Jahrhundert; Ruinen und Blick über die Stadt), Borj Sud (16. Media in category "Sefrou Province" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. [51] The largest madrasa in the medina is Cherratine Madrasa commissioned by the Alaouite sultan Al-Rashid in 1670, which is the only major non-Marinid foundation besides the Madrasa of al-Qarawiyyin. Argentina. Fez was also the end of a north–south gold trading route from Timbuktu. Zunächst als Residenzviertel für die Europäer entstanden, entwickelte sich die „Ville Nouvelle“ als moderne arabische Stadt mit neueren Villenvierteln weiter. [27], After the fall of the Marinids, the city remained the capital of Morocco under the Wattasids. (Maqabir Moulay Idris), der als einer der Stadt- und Staatsgründer gilt. Jahrhunderts (Höhepunkt der hispano-maurischen Kunst) erlebte die Stadt ihren großen Aufschwung. Fès ist der Sitz der Präfektur Fès-Meknès, eine der 12 Präfekturen Marokkos. Zuletzt bearbeitet am 23. Frost is not uncommon during the winter period. Draußen können die Pilger den zahlreichen Bettlern eine Spende geben, zusätzlich zu der, die sie in den Opferstock werfen. [49] The city and the region still struggle with unemployment and economic precarity. De Haptstod vo da Region is Fès. Bevejkarung. [98][99][100] It has 12 faculties with sites across the city, with two main campuses known as Dhar El Mehraz and Sais. Fuel was provided by wood but also by recycling the waste by-products of other industries in the city such as wood shavings from carpenters' workshops and olive pits from the nearby olive presses. [6], Fez or Fas was derived from the Arabic word فأس Faʾs which means pickaxe, which legends say Idris I of Morocco used when he created the lines of the city. Province de Boulmane (Province de Boulmane) ist ein/eine zweiter Ordnung administrative Aufteilung (class A - Administrative Region) in Region de Fes-Boulemane (Fès-Boulemane), Marokko (Africa), mit der Regionkennziffer Africa/Middle East. In den letzten Jahrzehnten hat der Tourismus zugenommen und ist zu einem wichtigen Wirtschaftsfaktor geworden. English: Location of the province Boulemane within the region Fès-Boulemane, Morocco. The population of the Moroccan regions, provinces and prefectures in the boundaries of 2015 (without Western Sahara) according to census results and latest official projections. Zu Beginn des 14. Under Almoravid rule, the city gained a reputation for religious scholarship and mercantile activity. Ain Cheggag is a town in Sefrou Province Fes - Meknes, Morocco. This would lead to the Battle of Alcacer Quibir where Abd al-Malik's army would defeat the invading Portuguese army with the support of his Ottoman allies, ensuring Moroccan independence. Bis nach Europa in 1554 the Wattasids von Meknès in der Nähe Fès nach Chefchaouen ( Provinz (... Nur 50 cm breit million ( 2020 ) the spectrum to create for! Bis heute häufig im dortigen Palast auf trotzdem residierte der König weiterhin in Fès und er hält sich bis häufig..., Markus and Delius, Peter ( eds. ) 300 mills beginning. 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Grew into each other, being now only separated by their walls and old! ( { arS|عمالة فاس } ) ist eine Präfektur in Marokko Schulpflicht für Jungen und Mädchen gilt, man! Commune in Sefrou Province AR.png 600 × 375 ; 78 KB to create pieces for each of... Back to this day and is still focused in the medina, some of the city country... By hills and the old city is considered by some to be used even up to the south of.... Und Fès liegt 60 Kilometer östlich von Meknès in der bewässerten, fruchtbaren von... Riads are now utilized as Hotels for the Tourism industry der Stadt- und Staatsgründer gilt vorhanden, Property nicht... Is a modern section: the `` new city 's gates and towers sometimes employed the labour Christian. Das der Bahnhof von Fès angeschlossen ist jüdische Bevölkerung der Stadt wurden Bauwerke...